Dictators who have gone into exile

Idi Amin, 77 (Uganda): Reportedly responsible for 300,000 political killings, Amin fled to Saudi Arabia in 1979, where he has lived extravagantly on the Red Sea in Jiddah. His family has been campaigning for his return to Uganda, in vain. He died in August 2003 in Saudi Arabia.


Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier, 51 (Haiti): Accused of an estimated 60,000 political killings, Duvalier departed in 1986 for France, which agreed to take him to aid democracy in Haiti. Living in Paris on handouts, he is a largely forgotten figure.


Hissene Habre, 60 (Chad): Accused of killing 40,000 and torturing 200,000 more during his eight-year rule, he fled to Senegal in 1990, where he has maintained a low profile, living outside the capital of Dakar. Senegal has offered to extradite him to a third country to face charges if a fair trial can be assured.


Mengistu Haile Mariam, 65 (Ethiopia): Accused of killing 200,000 while millions more died from starvation and civil war during his 17-year rule, he fled in 1991 to Zimbabwe. He lives in Harare, but a 1995 assassination attempt has curtailed his public life. He was tried in an Ethiopian court, in absentia. The trial began in 1994 and ended in 2006. He was sentenced to life in prison in January 2007 for genocide.


Gen. Alfredo Stroessner, 89 (Paraguay): Stroessner overthrew the government in 1954 and was elected president without opposition. He fled to Brazil in 1989 after a coup, orchestrated by gen. Rodriguez in February 1989, ended his 35-year dictatorship. He lived therest of his life quietly in a mansion outside the capital of Brasilia where he died in August 2006.


Charles Taylor (Liberia): elected president in the 1997 general elections, after having become one of the most prominent warlords in Africa, he ruled Liberia until 2003 when, menaced by an arrest warrant issued by the Special Tribunal of Sierra Leone (due to arm trafficking), he resigned as a result of international pressure and went into exile in Nigeria. He is currently on trial before the Special Court for Sierra Leone for war crimes and crimes against humanity.


Mobutu Sese Seko (Zaire): he ruled Zaire for nearly 32 years with a combination of brutal repression and greed that impoverished the country. More than a dictatorship, his was often called a "kleptocracy". The domestic rebellions and the external involvement of President Kabila of Congo overthrew him in 1997 and forced him to go into exile in Morocco where he died a few months later.